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"We Want to Make JNP a Multi-purpose Port"
L. Radhakrishnan, Chairman, JNPT, expresses his vision to build and diversify India’s largest container port as it gets ready for 2020.

How JNPT will meet trade’s growing demand of cargo handling as JNPT has been proved most preferred Port in India?

At JNPT we are constantly under pressure from the best liners in the world to give more windows to vessels. We are now in the 26th position among container ports worldwide. There is a significant backlog in adding capacity, which we are trying to catch up through huge leaps in capacity expansion.

Right now we have capacity of 4 million TEUs and in 3-4 years, when the fourth terminal project and 330 m extension are over, we will be at 10.5 million TEUs. We are also modernising JNPCT (operated by ourselves directly) - three RMQCs have come, four more are on the way. I am targeting the commissioning of all four of them this year itself. The next step would be to reach a capacity of about 20 million TEUs through two terminals simultaneously, each of around 5 million TEUs per annum. We have engaged leading consultants to design this additional capacity. The project will take about two years for designing, 1 to 1.5 years for bidding and another 3-4 years for building. So by 2020-21, I expect to have two new terminals (5th and 6th) of around 5 million TEUs, each run by two operators near Nhava.

More importantly, we want to make JNP a multi-purpose port. We are in the process of engaging international consultants for suggesting how to use the creek on the Sheva side (where depth of 10 m may be possible) for coastal shipping, bulk and break-bulk, chemical handling, Ro-Ro vessels, etc. Separate coal handling facilities and power generation are also projects on the anvil.

It is learnt that JNPT is diversifying its cargo handling facilities, please brief.

JNPT is engaging international consultants for diversification into a multi-purpose port so that our capacity to handle break bulk, bulk, liquid cargo, etc. aggregates and facilities for coastal shipping are enhanced substantially. The possibility to have a capacity of 50-100 million tonnes per annum exists on a 2.5 km long quay on the northern side of Sheva on the water front.

Tell us future developmental projects, its probable expenditure and resource of funding.

The policy of JNPT is to provide only land and infrastructure support to private builder-operators. Land-side and water-side connectivity is given, including the dredging of the channel up to 17 mtrs. depth from Mumbai to JN Port, provision of dedicated container trains to the National Capital Region from within the Port and good connectivity from the quay to the national and state highways. The actual construction of the berth and its operation is to be done through a PPP partner. E.g. The 4th Container Terminal is to be built at a cost of over 8000 crores currently by private partners and the dredging of the channel to 14 mtrs. depth at a total cost of around 1500 crores is being undertaken by the Port itself.

The future developments around Nhava island could attain 10 million TEU capacity - investment from the private sector will be around 25000 to 30000 crores, possibly in the form of 2 terminals both of which are expected to be commissioned by 2020.

A Special Economic Zone on over 2500 acres will be implemented with JNPT giving developed land and private investors building the required facilities for which the first phase involving around 700 acres cleared by the Ministry of Commerce, is pending for estimate approval in the Ministry of Shipping.

Impact of global economic slowdown on JNPT.
JNPT has been working on over 100 % capacity and the demand far outstrips supply in terms of port handling capacity. Therefore, as a preferred port of call in India so far we have not been adversely affected by the global economic slowdown.

Environment conservation and energy saving – JNPT’s initiatives.
We have 2,000 acres of our land as wooded/mangrove area and maintain it. We are the only Port in the country to keep about one-third of our area for this. We are examining whether we can supply electricity to ships at berth thus avoiding ships’ diesel generators working while berthed and also whether we can set up a ballast water treatment plant. Besides, we are implementing energy conservation in a significant manner. We have engaged C-WET of the Ministry of Power to advise us on the wind-based generation of power. Our eventual target would be to obtain 50 per cent of the energy requirement for cargo-handling through non-conventional/renewable sources. Biomass fuel-based generation through BOT is also being studied. We have been the recipient of about a dozen environment awards including the Indira Gandhi Vrikshamitra Puraskar and the Golden Peacock Award received from the Institute of Directors on 7th July 2012.