Dr.Mashelkar has played a critical role in shaping India’s science and technology policies. He was a member of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and also of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet set up by successive governments. He has chaired twelve high powered committees to look into issues as diverse as overhauling the Indian drug regulatory system, reviewing the state of Regional Engineering Colleges and preparing a National Auto Fuels Policy. As an expert in restructuring public R&D institutions, he has made contributions across the world – from South Africa to Croatia. When Dr.Mashelkar took over as the Director General of CSIR, he enunciated ‘CSIR 2001: Vision & Strategy’.